Apple’s Mac OS X has a beautiful graphical user interface, but under that there is a solid unix foundation. OS X is based on FreeBSD. This unix foundation has allowed OS X to have a native unix command line interface support.
I was using mutt as my primary email client for many years. But from the past three years or so I chose to move to Mail, the native OS X MUA, primarily due to my requirement of managing my calendar. However, very recently I decided to make another attempt to move to mutt and today is the day when I am installing mutt in my MacBook.
Unfortunately mutt is not available natively for OS X, so I had to use MacPorts. The MacPorts project is an open source community initiative to make the other open source software available for the Mac OS X operating system. To install any software available from the MacPorts repository I needed a command line client for the same. I installed pkg version of the client for lion. The port pkg is installed in the /opt/local hierarchy.
MacPorts have a feature called variants which allows one to customize the installtion of a given port. Each variant name preceded by a + sign, represents an option that can be enabled during the compilation. In order to find out the variants available, the variants command can be used as below:
$ port variants mutt-devel mutt-devel has the variants: compress: Compressed folders date_conditional: Allow the format of dates in the index to vary based on how recent the message is * requires deepif db4: Use Berkeley DB database * conflicts with gdbm qdbm tokyocabinet debug: Debugging support deepif: Allow nested if-else sequences in strings gdbm: Use GNU dbm database * conflicts with db4 qdbm tokyocabinet gnuregex: Use the GNU regular expression library gpgme: Enable GPGME crypto support headercache: Enable header caching (requires gdbm, qdbm, or tokyocabinet) * conflicts with db4 idn: Internationalized Domain Name support [+]imap: IMAP support nntp: NNTP support * conflicts with sidebar [+]pop: POP support qdbm: Use QDBM database * conflicts with db4 gdbm tokyocabinet sasl: Simple Authentication and Security Layer support sidebar: Add a sidebar with a list of folders * conflicts with nntp smtp: Include internal SMTP relay support ssl: Secure Sockets Layer support tokyocabinet: Use Tokyo Cabinet database * conflicts with db4 gdbm qdbm trash: Add a Trash folder universal: Build for multiple architectures xlabel: Custom message-tagging - X-Label:
I installed mutt-devel version because the stable version was quite old. However, according to what I had experienced in the past and what I have read the development version is quite stable.
$ sudo port install mutt-devel +compress+gdbm+gnuregex+gpgme+headercache+imap+pop+sasl+smtp+ssl+trash
This completes the installation of mutt using ports. There are other useful open source software available in the ports which are not present in OS X like wget. In a future post, I will be writing about the detailed configuration of my mutt setup. Till then explore ports.